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2018 Annual Report: Additional Opportunities to Reduce Fragmentation, Overlap, and Duplication and Achieve Other Financial Benefits

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The federal government faces a long-term, unsustainable fiscal path based on an imbalance between federal revenues and spending. While addressing this structural imbalance will require fiscal policy changes, in the near term opportunities exist to take action in a number of areas to improve this situation, including where federal programs or activities are fragmented, overlapping, or duplicative. To call attention to these opportunities, Congress included a provision in statute for GAO to identify and report on federal programs, agencies, offices and initiatives—either within departments or governmentwide—that have duplicative goals or activities.


This report presents 68 new actions that Congress or executive branch agencies could take across 23 areas. Over 25 of these actions in 13 areas concern fragmentation, overlap, or duplication in government missions and functions.

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